National Flowers

Many countries across the world have flowers - which are either native to their areas; have historical significance; been utilised because of public vote or opinion - designated as their National Floral Emblem or Flower.

These flowers emblems are utilised to represent the country in a number of different ways both actual or stylised versions including on official documents, countries days of mourning or celebration and country representation including sporting.

There are also a number of countries which have flowers associated with them but the flower is not officially designated the countries national flower. Examples of which are Japan - Cherry Blossom, China - Peonies or the Netherlands - Tulip.

Many countries also have flowers which represent specific areas or regions of countries like Australia, USA and Canada with individual State Floral Emblems or Flowers - For Australian Floral Emblems click on Link


Australia's national floral emblem is the golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha Benth.).

When in flower, the golden wattle displays the national colours, green and gold.

As one species of a large genus of flora growing across Australia, the golden wattle is a symbol of unity.

Wattle is ideally suited to withstand Australia's droughts, winds and bushfires. The resilience of wattle represents the spirit of the Australian people.

In recent times, the golden wattle has been used as a symbol of remembrance and reflection. On national days of mourning, for example, Australians are invited to wear a sprig of wattle.

The golden wattle has been used in the design of Australian stamps and many awards in the Australian honours system. A single wattle flower is the emblem of the Order of Australia.


The first day of September is National Wattle Day. It builds on a long unofficial tradition of wearing the wattle blossom on 1 September. The day was introduced in 1913 by an association called the Wattle Day League and formally recognised on 23 June 1992.

Australians can celebrate their floral heritage each Wattle Day by planting wattles.


Indigenous peoples of Australia soaked the gum of the golden wattle in water and honey to produce a sweet, toffee-like substance. The tannin from the bark was known for its antiseptic properties.

Colonial settlers cultivated the golden wattle using the bark in the tanning industry, the gum for glues and the blossom for its honey.

The golden wattle was unofficially accepted as the national floral emblem to mark Federation in 1901.

In 1912 the Prime Minister, the Rt Hon Andrew Fisher MP, suggested that the wattle be included as a decoration surrounding the Commonwealth Coat of Arms.


The then Governor-General, the Rt Hon Sir Ninian M Stephen AK GCMG GCVO KBE, proclaimed the golden wattle as the national floral emblem on 19 August 1988.


The golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha Benth.) is an evergreen, spreading shrub or small tree.

It grows in the under storey of open forest, woodland and in open scrub in South Australia, Victoria, New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory.

The common name, wattle, is derived from an Anglo-Saxon building technique. Wattles were flexible twigs or small branches interwoven to form the framework of buildings. This style of building was introduced to Australia by early British settlers and species of Acacia were used as wattles.

There are more than 760 different types of wattle across Australia.


Permission is not required to reproduce the national floral emblem.

Quote from the website of the Australian Government Department of Prime Minster and Cabinet 20/1/2020

Link to Countries Floral Emblems

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Floral DeVine Hunters Hill

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* Same Day Local Delivery applies to orders received by our Florist in Hunters Hill, Monday to Friday (Excluding Public Holidays) in store, online or via the phone before 4:00pm. Our local floral delivery service area includes: Hunters Hill NSW 2110, Gladesville NSW 2111, Ryde NSW 2112, Denistone NSW 2114, Putney NSW 2112, Drummoyne NSW 2047, Woolwich NSW 2110, Lane Cove NSW 2066, Longueville NSW 2066. Linley Point NSW 2066, Riverview NSW 2066, Tennyson Point NSW 2111, Henley 2110, & Huntleys Cove NSW 2111.  We also deliver to the following locations Artarmon, North Shore Hospital, North Sydney, Sydney City, Glebe, Forest Lodge, Chiswick, Leichhardt, Annandale, Haberfield, Lillyfield, Five Dock, Rozelle, Balmain, Birchgrove, Rodd Point, East Ryde, North Ryde, Macquarie Park, Denistone, Eastwood, Epping, Beecroft, Cheltenham, Northwood, Greenwich and Chatswood for a small additional fee. After hours and weekend deliveries are available by prior arrangement as well as additional delivery areas.  Delivery is also available to Hunters Hill Lodge,Montefiore Jewish Home, St Annes, St Josephs, Hunters Hill Private Hospital, Winward Manor, Ashburn House, The Mater, Ryde Hospital, Lottie Stewart Hospital, Gladesville Hospital and other Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Community Centres, Medical Centres and Retirement Villages in the surrounding areas, 


Substitution Policy - Floral DeVine Florist in Hunters Hill reserves the right to make a fair and reasonable substitution to an arrangement based on the availability of the selected flowers or associated products.  In such cases, the arrangement will maintain the same high quality, overall design, value for money and appearance of the selected item. Note pictures of bouquets, arrangements etc are indicative only. Final product will be similar but depend on seasonal  and quality availability.


Delivery Times - Standard Deliveries usually occur between 8:00 am to 6:00 pm Monday to Friday & 8:00 am to 3:00 pm on Saturday. Orders received outside of our trading hours will be processed on the following trading day. Click and Collect Services reflect opening times. Due to current COVID-19 restrictions deliveries will often be later in the day or orders placed late my be delivered the following day due to courier availability..